FMEA - Failure Mode and Effects Analysis or Failure Modes, Effects and Criticality Analysis (FMECA) is a logical technique used to identify and eliminate possible causes of failure. FMEA technique requires a sequential, disciplined approach to assess systems, products or processes in order to establish the modes of failure and the effects of failure on the system, product or process. This is to ensure that all possible failure modes have been fully identified and ranked in order of their importance.
The FMEA discipline requires the engineers to document their evaluation with regard to the failure mode, effect and criticality (FMECA). The analysis work can be applied at any stage; design, manufacture, test, installation or use, but it is best performed at the design stage.
In a simple system, FMEA may be performed on the total system or product but with more complex systems it may be necessary to break the product down into various sub-systems or sub-assemblies.
Increasingly, contracts are requiring Failure Mode and Effects Analysis (FMEA) to be performed as a condition of placing the order. Also, the use of FMEA minimises the company's likely exposure to very expensive product liability claims.
Process Failure Mode and Effects Analysis (PFMEA) is often developed at the time when a new product or process is being introduced. This activity is very beneficial when ordering tooling and equipment as well as determining process controls. PFMEA is a collection of possible causes and mechanisms for failure modes, as determined by a team. It can also play an important role in day to day improvement and problem solving.
Following are the roles for whom training is suitable.